Admiral of the Fleet
The Honourable Sir Somerset Arthur
Gough-Calthorpe
G.C.M.G., k.C.b., C.V.O.

Updated 20-Jan-2008

Personal Details
Event Date / details Source
Date of Birth 23 December 1864 1
Place of Birth 43 Lowndes Square, Chelsea 1
Name of father    
Profession of father    
Wife's Name    
Children    
Date of Marriage    
Place of Marriage    
Date of Death 27 July 1937 1
Place of Burial    


Rank History
Rank Date attained Source
Midshipman 19 March 1880 1
Acting Sub-Lieutenant 19 March 1884 1
Sub-Lieutenant 19 March 1884 1
Lieutenant 19 March 1886 1
Commander
(Promoted for services on East & West coasts of Africa
1 January 1896 1
Captain 1 January 1902 1
Rear-Admiral 27 August 1911 1
Acting Vice-Admiral 11 March 1915 1
Vice-Admiral 26 April 1917 1
Admiral 31 July 1919 1
Admiral of the Fleet 8 May 1925 1


Honours and Knighthoods
Honour or Knighthood Date awarded Date Gazetted Source
M.V.O.   23/10/06 1
C.B.   28/9/12 1
K.C.B.   1/1/16 1
Grand Officer St Maurice & St Lazarus   6/4/18 1
Grand Officer Legion of Honour   12/12/18 1
G.C.M.G.   1/1/19 1
Officer of Star of Roumania   17/3/19 1
Grand Cross Order of the Redeemer   24/5/19 1
Grand Cordon Crown of Italy   16/9/19 1
American Distinguished Service Medal   16/9/19 1
Greek Medal of Unitary   16/9/19 1


Rewards & Distinctions
Source: ADM 196/42 Service History
Promoted after two years Seniority as Sub Lieut:: In obtaining four 1st Cl Certs. when passing for Lieut.
M.V.O. 4th Cl: Gazette 23/10/06
22 July 1910 Unpaid Naval ADC
2 Mch 1911 paid Naval ADC
27 Sept 1912 C.B. (Civil divn) Gaz 27/9/12
K.C.B. (Military) Gazette 1 Jan 1916
Grand Officer St. Maurice & St. Lazarus (Gazette 6/4/18)
CW 37028/18 Legion of Honour (Grand Officer) Gaz 12.12.18
G.C.M.G. (Gaz 1-1-19)
Made a Grand Officer of the Star of Roumania Gaz 17.3.19
CW 11792/19 Order of Redeemer (Grand Cross) Gaz 24/5/19
Grand Cordon of Crown of Italy Gaz 16.9.19
American Distinguished Service Medal Gaz 16.9.19
Greek Medal of ?Unitary? Merit Gaz 16.9.19


Examinations
Source: ADM 196/42 Service History
Passed Seamanship 1st Cl. Cert: 905 marks
Passed College 2nd Cl: 1228 marks - Feby 85
Passed Torpedo 1st Cl.: 185 marks Aprl 85
Passed Gunnery 1st 564 marks July 85
Passed Pilotage 1st Cl. 974 marks Sept 85
1st Class Theoretical Cert. June 88 at RN College
Feby 89 Passed in Gunnery 1st Class 184/200 marks
July 89 Practical course 1st Class 892/950 marks


Special Attainments or Qualifications
Source: ADM 196/42 Service History
July 1889 Passed for Torpedo Lieut: First Class
 


Despatches and other relevant documents
 
 
 


Service / Appointments History
Ship Station Date of
appointment
Date of
discharge
Cause Source
Britannia Train ship 15 Jany 78 18 Decr 79   1
???ampton N America 15 Decr 79 15 Dec 82 recommd 1
-----"----- --"-- 16 Dec 82 18 April 84 to wait passage home 1
Excellent for Examn Home 10 June 84 Sept 85   1
Rover addl Train ?Sqdn? 21 Sept 85 19 Mch 86 Promoted 1
Rover adl & temp T service --"-- 19 Mch 86 18 May 86 H.P. see notes below 1
Colossus ?Part T service? 15 June 86 12 Sept 87 Arrd home 1
Lent & Vernon in cmd of T Boat No. 72 Home 4 July 88 30 Aug 88 PO 1
Vernon as above   30 Sept 87     1
????sia for command of Torpedo Bt. NO. 78 (lent) Manoeuvres 18 July 89 7 Sept 89 PO 1
Vernon addl to assist in Torp Instn   13 July 89 ?? Jan 90 ?Aueoea? 1
?Aueoea? for Torpedo duties Chan Dquad 1 July 90 26 Aug 91 Victor Emanual 1
Victor Emanual for T duties Hong Kong Hong Kong 26 Aug 91 24 Aug 93 Sup - time expired 1
Vernon addl to qualify in T   6 Jan 94 27 Jany 94 Vernon 1
Vernon staff Ports 27 Jany 94 25 Oct 94 St George 1
Pembroke for T Boat ?? in Command & for T duties lent Manoeuvres 18 July 94 Aug 94 PO 1
St George for T duties Cape of G Hope 25 Oct 94 1 Jan 96 Promoted 1
Imperieuse Pacific 5 March 96      
Vernon addl for ?Spicson? Ports 3 Jan 00 15 Sept 00 Halcyon 1
Halcyon in cd Med 15 Sept 00 7 May 01 PO 1
Pandora in cd Manrs 16 July 01     1
President addl for study at RN College Home 30 Sept 01 1 Jan 02 Promoted 1
atache St. ?Johansbg? & Rome 1 Mch 02 1.11.05   1
Roxburgh   1.11.05 6.1.08 Supd 1
Hindustan addl Chan 19.12.07     1
Vice Bethall   10.1.08 16.12.09 Sup 1
Dreadnought add as Capt of the Fl & Cdre 1 cl   16.12.09 25/?3?/11 Supd 1
President for Signal & War courses   21.8.11 22.12.11   1
Gunnery course   5.2.12 22.3.12   1
Torpedo course   4.3.12 22.3.12   1
Rear-Admiral 1st Battle Squadron in Home Fleets   10.12.12 10.12.13 Strikes Flag 1
R. Adml IInd Cruiser Squad   29.7.14 1.6.16   1
Acting Vice Adml IInd Cruiser Squad   11.3.15   1
President for duty at Admiralty (ty) retaining the Acting Rank of Vice Adl   1.6.16 1.7.16   1
2nd Sea Lord on Board of Admty retaining Acting rank of Vice-Admiral   1.7.16 4.12.16 ??? 1
Admital Commdg CoastGuard & Reserves (as Acting Admiral)   4.12.16 8.8.17   1
C in C Mediterranean   8.8.17 26.7.19   1
Flag in Iron Duke   6.4.19     1
Also High Commissioner of H.M. Government at Constantinople   11.18 26.8.19   1
Continued in Book 18 page 203          


Reports
Source: ADM 196/42 - Service History
Date of report 31 December 1880
General Conduct VG
Ability VG
Zeal VG
Judgment VG
Temper VG
Professional knowledge VG
If temperate Yes
Physical qualities VG
Performance of special duties -
If deserving of advancement Yes
Remarks  
 
Date of report 31 December 1881
General Conduct VG
Ability VG
Zeal VG
Judgment VG
Temper VG
Professional knowledge VG
If temperate Yes
Physical qualities VG
Performance of special duties -
If deserving of advancement Yes
Remarks Capt. Drummond
 
Date of report 15 December 1882
General Conduct VG
Ability G
Zeal VG
Judgment VG
Temper VG
Professional knowledge G
If temperate Yes
Physical qualities  
Performance of special duties  
If deserving of advancement  
Remarks Fair French - steady and well conducted
Capt Drummond
 
Date of report December 1883
General Conduct VGI
Ability VG
Zeal VG
Judgment VG
Temper VG
Professional knowledge VG
If temperate Yes
Physical qualities  
Performance of special duties  
If deserving of advancement  
Remarks Knows French. Very hardworking & zealous
Capt. Digby
 
Date of report 25 May 1886
General Conduct VG
Ability VG
Zeal VG
Judgment VG
Temper VG
Professional knowledge G
If temperate Yes
Physical qualities VG
Performance of special duties  
If deserving of advancement  
Remarks Good qualifications but wanting experience
Capt. Noel
 
Date of report 6 Sept 1887
General Conduct VGI
Ability VGI
Zeal  
Judgment  
Temper  
Professional knowledge VGI
If temperate Yes
Physical qualities Good
Performance of special duties  
If deserving of advancement  
Remarks Very intelligent and officer like
Capt. Bridge
 
Date of report 31 December 1888 Colosus
General Conduct VGI
Ability VGI
Zeal  
Judgment  
Temper  
Professional knowledge VG
If temperate Yes
Physical qualities  
Performance of special duties  
If deserving of advancement  
Remarks Capt. Long
 
Date of report 16 September 1891
General Conduct VGI
Ability VGI
Zeal  
Judgment  
Temper  
Professional knowledge VGI
If temperate Yes
Physical qualities  
Performance of special duties  
If deserving of advancement Recommended for advancement
Remarks High opinion of ability in handling ships as an officer of the watch and in T. duties
Capt. Fanshawe
 
Date of report February 1892
General Conduct VG
Ability VG
Zeal  
Judgment  
Temper  
Professional knowledge VG
If temperate Yes
Physical qualities  
Performance of special duties  
If deserving of advancement  
Remarks Victor Emanuel
 
Date of report August 1893
General Conduct VG
Ability VG
Zeal  
Judgment  
Temper  
Professional knowledge VG
If temperate Yes
Physical qualities  
Performance of special duties  
If deserving of advancement  
Remarks Very trustworthy officer
Rr Adml Palliser
 
Date of report ?? 1894
General Conduct VG
Ability VG
Zeal  
Judgment  
Temper  
Professional knowledge Torpedo
If temperate Yes
Physical qualities  
Performance of special duties  
If deserving of advancement  
Remarks Most hardworking
Capt. Walker
 
Date of report February 1896
General Conduct VGI
Ability VG
Zeal VG
Judgment VG
Temper  
Professional knowledge Torpedo
If temperate Yes
Physical qualities French
Performance of special duties  
If deserving of advancement  
Remarks Capt. Egerton


Special Reports or Service
Source: ADM 196/42 Service History
Cin C North America reports 9 April 83 No 124, having granted him permission to go home in Tamar on urgent private affairs on the understanding that he returns by Packet of 19 June at own expense.
Discharged from Northampton to Mallard for passage to Halifax to find own passage to England 15 April 84.
18 May 86
N to be ?? ? to H.P. at once & allowed to go abroad for one month subject to recall.
6 Dec. 93 arrived in England
16 Feby 1894 (G. 7824/93) Their Lordships satisfaction expressed at manner in which the Torpedo work at Kowloon Depot was carried out by him.
Brass River Expedition, February 95 Prasied & strongly recommeded by Adml. Bedford
1 Jany 1896 Promoted for services on East and West coasts of Africa
27 Dec 95 See telegram approving of this officer allowed to serve as Aide de Camp to General Officer Commanding ????? expedition.
See M 7195/96 as to his services in operations at ???? against Sheikh ????? Praised by Admiral Rawson & Captain Egerton
2 March 96 arrived in England
Inspection of Imperieuse 2/98 by R. Adm Palliser cleanliness of ship and crew very good.
Feby 99 Saty Inspn of Imperieuse by RA Palliser
30 Aug 1900: Has most thoroughly carried out the work of re-writing Vol 1 of the Torpedo Manual - Capt. Robinson. G6527-00
Inspn of Halcyon Dec 1900 satisfactory - Capt. Burr
Saty Inspn of Halcyon by Capt. RK McAlpine 5893/01
7 Aug 01 Inspn of Pandora by Capt. Pelly, very satisfactory Inspn reflects credit on Comdr and 1st Lieut.
Appointed Naval Attache St Petersburg ????? 11 March 1902
Attended War Course 30.9.01 to 28.2.02 1st Class
Question as to time as Naval Attache being allowed to count for promotion will receive consideration in the event of his being unable to qualify before turn for promotion arrives A.F.N. of 3/11/05
N.L. 2482/3/07 Satif Inspn of Roxborough by R Adml ?Nevelle?
NL 6271 Satid Inspn of Hindustan (except Stokers dress) by RA Foley 6.5.08
N.L. 5872/5/09 Insp of Hindustan reflects credit on all concerned
CW 11803 Jun 1911 Treasury sanction special promotion to Falg list without necessary qualifying service.
To be retained on books of President for 9th & 10th Sept 11 to avoid HP.
22/12/11 Completed War Course.
Appointed on a Board of ??? Committee to advise in regard ti the safety of life at sea. A.L. of 9/8/12 CW 14086
Resigned apptmt on appt afloat ???? 1912
Assumed Cd of 2nd Cruiser Squadron 29/7/14
To take rank and command as Vice Admiral with seniority of 11 Mar 15 during the war O in C 27 May 15 CW9832/15
R/40/1917 & R/3680/16 Treasury refuse to allow grant of 1/2 pay of a Vice Admiral to this officer while he is Actg Vice Adml & 2nd Sea Lord.
Grand Officer St Maurice & St. Lazarus CW 12419
CW 37028/18 Granted Legion of Honour (Grand Officer) Gaz 12.12.18
Men in Dis by C-in-C British Salonika Force for ?hearty ?????? during the period 1.10.17 to 1.12.18 ???? Gazette 2.2.19
Made a grand Officer of Star of Roumania
CW 11792/19 Granted Grand Cross of Order of Redeemer (Greek) Gaz 24/5/19
CW 548/19 Granted Grand Cordon of Crown of Italy Gaz 16.9.19


Captain's Confidential Reports
Source:
Date
Remarks Reporting Officer
     
     


Commander's Confidential Reports
Source:
Date
Remarks Reporting Officer
     
     


Lieutenant's Confidential Reports
Source:
Date
Remarks Reporting Officer
     
     


Sources
1 ADM 196/42 - Service History National Archives
2 Times, Worcestershire County Council Library Service
3 London Gazette (various dates) www.gazettes-online.co.uk