Admiral of the Fleet
Sir JOHN MICHAEL DE ROBECK,
G.C.B., G.C.M.G., G.C.V.O.
1st BARONET DE ROBECK of naas, county kildare


Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Michael de Robeck

Updated 18-Oct-2007

Personal Details
Event Date / details Source
Date of Birth 10 June 1862 1
Place of Birth Gowran Grange, Naas, County Kildare 1
Name of father 4th Baron de Robeck of the Swedish nobility 2
Profession of father    
Family background The family background is Swedish under the name FOCK, a Swedish-Finnish noble family, from Westphalia. They lived in Livonia in the 16th century and were naturalised in Weden 1651. One branch was raised to Baron (friherre) in 1719, but deased with the founder in 1729. Another was raised to Baron in 1778, and a third in 1815. One of the family branches was, in 1818, introduced to the Finnish House of Lords (Riddarhuset). One member of the familiy, who became baron in 1778 went to England and became an English subject in 1789. His branch is still alive (1908) under the name de Robeck. 5
Wife's Name Hilda, Lady Lockhart of Milton Lockhart 2
Date of Marriage July 1922 2
Place of Marriage    
Date of Death 20 January 1928 2
Cause of Death Heart attack 2
Place of Death 5 Southwick Crescent, London 2
Place of Burial Bembridge, Isle of Wight 3


Rank History
Rank Date attained Source
Naval Cadet 15 July 1875 1
Midshipman 27 July 1878 1
Acting Sub-Lieutenant 27 July 1882 1
Sub-Lieutenant 27 July 1882 1
Lieutenant 30 September 1885 1
Commander 22 June 1897 1
Captain 01 January 1902 1
Rear-Admiral 01 November 1911 1
Acting Vice-Admrial 17 March 1915 1
Vice-Admiral 17 May 1917 1
Admiral 24 March 1920 1
Admiral of the Fleet 24 November 1925 4


Honours and Knighthoods
Honour or Knighthood Date awarded Date Gazetted Source
Knight Commander of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (K.C.B.) 1 January 1916 31 December 1915 4
Grand Officer Legion of Honour (France) 9 August 1916 11 August 1916 4
Grand Cross, Order of the Crown (Italy) ?11 August 1917? 11 August 1917 4
Grand Officer, Order of Crown of Roumania ?14 March 1919? 14 March 1919 4
Order of Sacred Treasure 1st Class (Japan) ?28 August 1917? 28 August 1917 4
Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of St. Michael and St. George (G.C.M.G.) 1 January 1919 31 December 1918 4
1st Baronet de Robeck of Naas in the County of Kildare 29 December 1919 30 December 1919 4
Knight of Grace of the Grand Priory of the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England 29 November 1920 30 November 1920 4
Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (G.C.B.) 1 January 1921 1 January 1921 4
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (G.C.V.O.) Aug 1924? Not found 4


Rewards & Distinctions
Source: Service History: ADM 196/42 p 64/128
Good Service Pension of £150 25.11.09
K.C.B. Gazette 1.1.16
Grand Officer Legion of Honour CW16075/16 Gazetted 11 Aug 16
Grand Officer Crown of Romania 17/3/19


Examinations
Source: Service History: ADM 196/42 p 64/128
Passed Seamanship 1st Cl. Cert. 950 Marks
Passed Coll: Mch 83 3rd Cl. 869 marks
Passed Torpedo Course. May 83 - 147 Marks 3C
Passed Gunnery 3 August 83. 2 Class 570 Marks
S.C. Gunnery, July 95 - 1st Cl 548 Marks
S.C. Torpedo November 95 1st Cl 316 Marks


Special Attainments or Qualifications
Source:
 
 


Despatches and other relevant documents
Letter from Vice-Admiral S.H. Carden, 17 March 1915: "Operations of the Allied British and French Squadrons against the defences of the Dardenelles. from 9th February to 16th March 1915." Published in the London Gazette 29 April 1919.
Despatch of Vice-Admiral J.H. de Robeck, K.C.B., late Vice-Admiral Commanding Eastern Mediterranean Squadron - naval operations in connection with the withdrawal of the Army from the Gallipoli Peninsula. London Gazette 11 April 1917
Despatch of Vice-Admiral John .H. de Robeck, reporting the landing of the Army on the Gallipoli Peninsula, 25th - 26th April, 1915. London Gazette 13 August 1915
Despatch of General Ian Hamilton, Commanding Mediterranean Expeditionary Force - Operations in the Gallipoli Peninsula up to 5th May 1915. London Gazette 2 July 1915


Service / Appointments History
Ship Station Date of
appointment
Date of
discharge
Cause Source
Britannia Training Ship 15 July 75 27 July 77   1
Shannon Pacific 28 July 77 19 July 81 Paid off 1
Minotaur Ch Squd 31 Oct 81 23 Dec 81 Paid off 1
Northumberland Ch Squd 10 Jan 82 23 April 82   1
Vincent ??? Martin Home 24 April 82 27 July 82 All Sub Lt. 1
Excellent for Examns   Aug 82     1
Agincourt Ch Sq 9 Aug 83 Appt cancelled 1
Espior China 14 Aug 83 30 Sept 85 promoted 1
Espior (in lieu of Sub Lt.) China 30 Sep 85 Coming home Oct 86 1
    Arrd 15 Oct 86 Granted 42 days full pay leave 1
President addl for study at R.N. Coll   5 Jan 87 25 Mch 87   1
????? for Pilot in Lieu of Sub Lieut Training Brig 25 Mch 87 Cancelled   1
Boscowen for Seaflower Training Brig 25 Mch 87 ?Oct 87? Cancd 1
Agincourt Chan Squd 2 Nov 87 4 Sept 88   1
Britannia Home 4 Sept 88 29 Decr 90 ??? 1
?? for Duties for T Branch??? ?Manoeuvres? 22 July 90 16 Aug 90 PO 1
?Imperieuse? No 86 China 27 Jan 91 13 Feb 93
18Jan 93
Telegram
Supd. 1
Brilliant as 1st Lieut. Manoeuvres 11 July 93 24 Aug 93 PO 1
Britannia 1st Lieut. Dartmouth 15 Aug 93 20 Apr 95 Supd OR  
Excellent addl for S.C. of Gunnery   4 May 95 June 95 Ceased 1
Indefatigable 1st Manoeuvres 24 July 95 28/8/95 PO 1
Cordelia as 1st for G duties
Flagship of Commodore, Newfoundland1
North America 12 Nov 95 22 June 97 Promoted 1 / 2
Wildfire for Haughty in Command ?Sheerness? 20 Nov 97 3 Sept 97   1
Angler         1
Mermaid - " - ? 28 Nov 99 Powerful 1
Powerful 28 Nov 99     Canc 4/12 1
Pyramus Med 1 June 1900 ?2 Aug 01? Supd 1
Warrior in Cmd Portsmouth 16 July 02 30/5/03 Orion 1
Orion for duty with TBDs
(Depot ship for destroyers at Malta)1
Medn 30.5.03 1.04 ord home 1 / 2
LEander for duty with T.B.D.'s Med 24.1.04 1.6.04 Supd at O.R. 1
Carnarvon Med 1.8.06 25.1.08 Supd 1
Dominion Chan 25.1.08 25.1.10 Supd 1
President for T&G Courses   3.10.10
24.10.10
11.11.10   1
President for n Course   15.11.10 10   1
Impregnable as Insp Capt Boys Trg Ships   15.11.10 21.12.11   1
President for Special Service at Admiralty   15/3/12 1.5.12   1
President as Admiral of Patrols   8.4.12 1.5.14 Supd 1
R. Adml. 8th Cr Sqdn   7.14   Test Mobln 1
Amphitrite as RA in Cd of Cruiser Force "I"   1.8.14     1
Warrior Tempy - do -   11.14     1
Amphitrite   11.14     1
Argonaut   20.12.14     1
Vengeance - do -   31.1.15 7.2.15   1
RA 2nd in command Mediterranean Sqdn   7.2.15     1
Acting VA in Command of Eastern Medn Squadron tempy   17.3.15 19.6.16   1
AVC (Acting) 3rd Battle Sqn   19.7.16 1.12.16 Struck flag on transfer 2nd B. Sq. 1
          1
Continued opposite and on page 285 book II
(images not yet held of continuation)
        1


Reports
Source: ADM 196/
Date of Report General Conduct Ability Professional knowledge, specifying any particular branch Whether temperate habits Special knowledge or acquirements (Languages, Drawing, & c.) Remarks, mentioning any special defects or high qualifications as regards Zeal, Judgment, Physical Qualities, & c., and if specially recommended for advancement. Remarks
               
   


Special Reports or Service
Source:
 
 


Captain's Confidential Reports
Source: ADM 196/ -Captain's Confidential Report
Date
Remarks Reporting Officer
     
     


Commander's Confidential Reports
Source: ADM 196/
Date
Remarks Reporting Officer
     
     


Sources
1 ADM 196/42 p 64/128 - Service History National Archives
2 Times, 21 January 1928 Worcestershire County Council Library Service
3 Times, 25 January 1928 Worcestershire County Council Library Service
4 London Gazette (various dates) www.gazettes-online.co.uk
5 e-mail from Johannes Lindstry 5 September 2007. Information sourced from a Swedish Encyclopedia dated 1908.